“Economic Sciences: theory and practice” is scientific, refereed, biannual journal. The Journal of “Economic Sciences: theory and practice” has been founded by Azerbaijan State University of Economics in 1994.
The Journal has been received to registration in the centre of international ISSN (International Standard Series Number, ISSN-2220-8739). Also, it has been included by the Supreme attestation Commission under the President of Azerbaijan Republic to the list of scientific publications on economic sciences.
Ignatiev Pavlo Mykolayovich professor, doctor of political science of the Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv Bovsunivskyi Pavlo Vasylovich associate professor of the department of area studies of the Institute of International Relations of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, PhD holder
Turkey and Iran from the ancient times have been experiencing severe confrontation and simultaneously close interdependence in the economic field that has considerable impact on modern international relations in the Middle East and Post-Soviet space. Rivalry of both countries is strengthened by Sunni-Shia divide in Muslim world and support of different sides in Armenia - Azerbaijan conflict. Special importance in the mutual relations of neighbours has competition in the Southern Caucasus, which is important with its energy rich Azerbaijan and creation of land routes for Caspian oil and gas to Europe in order to lessen dependency of the European Union on Russian energy. Using close relations with Azerbaijan, Turkey makes all efforts to become an energy bridge between energy resources of Caspian Sea and European consumers. On the other hand, Turkey is deeply interested in Iranian gas because of the geographic proximity and huge resources of the supplier. However, despite political rivalry Turkey and Iran have mutually beneficial cooperation in trade and tourism.
The article covers the development of Turkish–Iranian relations in political and economic fields since the establishment of modern states. The authors consider different historic periods of interaction in XX-XXI centuries, the competition of both states for influence in the Post-Soviet space and the Middle East, the cooperation and rivalry concerning the unresolved Kurdish question and finally the close economic interdependence of both neighbours. In order to achieve the research goals of the article Turkish and Iranian news outlets were used as the main sources of information.
Key words: Turkey, Iran, rivalry, cooperation, oil and gas, trade, tourism.
JEL classification: F59; L83